High cholesterol is one of the three deadliest diseases in the world. However, a person’s body definitely needs cholesterol to build healthy cells. It also has an important role as a source for producing hormones such as: Testosterone, Estrogen and Cortrisol. To begin with, let us first see the distinguish between bad cholesterol (LDL) and good cholesterol (HDL) in the body before examining the causes of high cholesterol.
LDL or Low Density Lipoprotein, also known as bad cholesterol is high cholesterol which causes clogged arteries. The process of bringing blood from the heart to the whole body which mostly contains bad cholesterol can cause a heart disease and a stroke.
Meanwhile HDL or High Density Lipoprotein is good cholesterol which bring cholesterol back from the other parts of the body to the liver. After that, the liver will break down and eliminate this substance from the body. So if you want to avoid chronic diseases, make sure the amount of HDL in your body is more than the amount of LDL.
Now, let’s go back to discussing the causes of cholesterol problem as well as the symptoms, we’ll see them in detail.
Symptoms and Causes of High Cholesterol
The following are the most common symptoms and the causes of high cholesterol.
1. Severe Headache and Dizziness are caused by a rapid flowing blood
The initial symptom in our body when cholesterol is raising is headache. Headaches are usually caused by blood flowing rapidly when passing through arteries and blockages occur. Normally, the initial symptoms felt when cholesterol in the body is high are heaviness on the head, dizziness, stiffness in the neck to shoulder, and tingles in other body parts.
2. Breath Difficulty is caused by the spreading cholesterol to the walls of blood vessels
Shortness of breath or breath difficulty for people with cholesterol disease is different from the pain experienced by people suffered from asthma. This symptom is caused by the cholesterol that has spread to the walls of blood vessels that are close to the lungs. However, the heart cannot pump blood smoothly into it. So, this is why breath difficulty happen.
3. Asphyxiate causes to be unable to breathe
Asphyxiate means to cause someone to be unable to breathe, usually resulting in death. This is likely to be the severe shortness of breath.
4. Joints Pain are strongly felt when the cholesterol rises
In patients with cholesterol, joints pain along with rheumatic pain, swelling around the joints, and red rashes on the skin will be strongly felt when the cholesterol rises. The higher cholesterol level the body has got, the more painful joints will be.
5. Fatigue will block the flow of blood in arteries
Other characteristics when cholesterol in the blood is high is that patients will get tired easily, heaviness all over the body and sleepy. This symptom occurs because of a pile of cholesterol that has spread throughout the body. Furthermore, it also blocks the flow blood in arteries that supplies blood to the arms, legs, feet, and stomach.
6. Digestive System Disorder
Digestive system disorder is a pain caused in the area of the stomach inasmuch as it is unable to break down food properly. One of the cautious symptoms that should be aware of is when the patients with cholesterol have lost their appetite. When a sufferer has no appetite, the cholesterol indicates that it has attacked the bile. Bile conditions will become unbalanced. If something like this happens continuously it will cause gallstone disease.
7. Discomfort in the Arms and Legs
In addition to causing pain in the nape of the neck and shoulders, high cholesterol can also cause pain in the arms and legs. The pain caused is more or less like rheumatic pain, which aches to the skin and it doesn’t go away immediately when taking some rest, or it heals just slowly.
8. Heart Disease is caused by the disrupted process of blood flow to the heart
Cholesterol is one of the triggers for heart disease. High cholesterol levels can slow the work of the heart since the amount of blood that contains a lot of cholesterol will burden the process of blood flow to the heart. Therefore, when the heart pumps blood, it will be disrupted throughout the body.
9. Stroke causes disruption of the process of blood flow to the brain
Stroke is not only caused by diabetes but also high cholesterol level in the blood that causes disruption of the process of blood flow to the brain. When the brain receives less blood flow and the blood vessels in the brain are blocked, it will definitely cause a stroke to the sufferer.
Some of the above symptoms can also be experienced by pregnant women. There are some obvious symptoms of high cholesterol during pregnancy such as: dizziness, tingling, neck pain, legs and joints pain, nausea and drowsy, quick tiredness and so forth.
It is true that pregnant women are required to eat a lot to meet the nutritional intake of prospective babies. However, they should pay particular attention to the number of calories consumed. Avoid consuming fatty foods very often, consume carbohydrates in the right portion, eat vegetables and fruits regularly, drink water and meet the needs of protein sufficiently for the body, and do some physical activities or choose a sport that is safe for pregnancy.
How to Prevent Cholesterol Problem?
Changes in a healthy lifestyle can lower your cholesterol, or in other words, it can help prevent you from having high cholesterol in the first place. To help prevent high cholesterol, here are some tips you should do:
Eat a low-salt diet
Eat a low-salt diet that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish and nuts, and try to limit sugary food and drink. Having this kind of diet may help increase the fiber intake which can help to lower cholesterol levels.
Eat a low-fat diet
The key to lowering your cholesterol is to limit the amount of saturated fat and trans fat you eat. This means that you should be reducing fried food and alternate it with cooking with a healthy oil like vegetable oil.
Lose Weight to improve cholesterol levels
If a person is obese or overweight, it is better to lose weigh since being overweight can risk to raise bad cholesterol (LDL) and lower the good cholesterol (HDL). therefore, losing excess weight can improve your cholesterol levels. Learn more about how much you should weigh.
Quit smoking to reduce the risk of heart disease
Smoking risks to lower the good cholesterol (HDL). The worst is when a person with bad cholesterol levels keeps smoking, the risk of heart disease increases more than it could. Quitting smoking can help lower cholesterol levels and protect arteries.
Do more Physical Activity
Physical activity is necessary to lower both cholesterol and high blood pressure. There are actually some simple exercises you can do at home. Do some more exercises on most days for at least 30 minutes and keep your body healthy.
It is important to have a good lifestyle since high cholesterol does not show the symptoms in the early stages. Eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and check your cholesterol level occasionally. In that way, you can reduce the risk of high cholesterol.